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Internet & law
Terms of use

Terms of use


1.1. This user agreement (hereinafter referred to as the “Agreement”) defines the rights and obligations of users of the Internet site (hereinafter referred to as the Site), the conditions for access and use by Users of the Site, mobile versions of the Site, materials and services Site.

This document is a legally binding agreement between you as the User(s) of the Site and the Owner (Copyright Holder) of the Site entering into the Agreement.

In accordance with Article 435 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, this Agreement is recognized as an offer. The Agreement is concluded by accepting this offer, does not require bilateral signing and is valid in electronic form.

1.2. By starting to use the Site and/or its individual functions or by submitting a request for services in accordance with the forms posted on the site, the User is deemed to have accepted the terms of the Agreement in full, without any reservations or exceptions.

1.3. The Site Owner offers the Internet User to use the Site on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement. The Agreement comes into force from the moment the User expresses consent to its terms in the manner provided for in clause 1.2. Agreements.

In case of disagreement with the Agreement, the User must immediately stop using the Site and leave it.

1.4. The purpose and purpose of the Site is to provide information to Users, as well as to provide the opportunity to contact the Site Owner and receive feedback.

1.5. Use of the Site is governed by this Agreement, as well as other documents.

1.6. The site does not contain public offers for the provision of legal or other services.

1.7. The Site Owner reserves the right to change the terms of this Agreement and all its integral parts without the consent of the User without any notification to the latter, by posting on the Site a new version of the Agreement or any of its integral parts that have undergone changes. The new version of the Agreement comes into force from the moment of publication on the Site, unless a different period for the entry into force of changes is determined by the Site Owner when they are published. The User undertakes to familiarize himself with the contents of the Agreement posted on the Site each time he visits the Site in order to timely familiarize himself with its changes.


• “User” – a legally capable individual who has acceded to this Agreement in his own interest or acting on behalf and in the interests of the legal entity or individual he represents.

• “Site” is a set of programs for electronic computers and other information contained in the information system, access to which is provided through the Internet information and telecommunications network via a domain name. The site belongs to the Site Owner.

• “Content” means all objects posted on the Site, including design elements, text, information content of the Site, graphics, illustrations, videos, scripts, programs, music, sounds and other objects, and their totality or selections.

• “Service” is the software available on the Site, allowing the User to use all the functionality provided for it. The Service includes an interface, software and other elements (tools, algorithms, methods), a management system necessary for the proper functioning of the Site and allowing the User to search and view information, as well as any other features and functions available on the Site. None of the provisions of the Agreement can be interpreted as a transfer of exclusive rights to the Service (its individual elements) to the User.


3.1. The user has the right:

• Gain access to the Site in the manner and under the conditions provided for in the Agreement.

• Contact the Site Owner if the User has any questions or complaints in connection with the use of the Site.

3.2. The user undertakes:

• Read the terms of this Agreement in full.

• Comply with all terms and conditions of this Agreement.

• Do not transfer personal data of third parties to the Site Owner without the prior written consent of third parties for such transfer, and also do not use the personal data of other Users in any way that does not comply with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation, for illegal or illegal purposes, in order to obtain benefits and any other purposes that do not correspond to the purposes of creating the Site.

• Do not use the software or take actions aimed at disrupting the normal functioning of the Site and its services.

• Do not impersonate another person or representative of an organization, community and/or individual without sufficient rights to do so.

• Do not send information or materials containing secrets protected by law through forms posted on the Site.

3.3. The user is prohibited from:

• Use of the Content for purposes other than those specified in clause 4.4. Agreements.

• Creation of phishing Internet resources and other resources that are confusingly similar to the Site or Content.

• Using forms posted on the Site to send fraudulent messages;

• Upload, send, transmit or in any other way post and/or distribute through forms posted on the Site, advertising, spam, lists of other people's email addresses, pyramid schemes, multi-level (network) marketing (MLM), online earnings systems and e-mail businesses, chain letters, etc.

• Upload, send, transmit or in any other way post and/or distribute through forms posted on the Site any materials containing viruses or other computer codes, files or programs designed to disrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of any computer or telecommunications equipment or programs for unauthorized access to commercial software products.

• Carry out any actions with the source code of the Site.

• Perform actions aimed at or capable of causing incorrect functioning of the Site, slowing down or hindering its functioning, or artificially increasing the load on servers and communication channels.

• Take actions aimed at leveling the security measures of the Site and hosting.

• Unauthorized collection and storage of personal data of third parties.

• Promote actions aimed at violating the restrictions and prohibitions established by the Agreement.

• Perform any actions that are contrary to the laws of the Russian Federation.

3.4. The User agrees that by accessing the Site and using its Content, he:

• Expresses his unconditional agreement with all the terms of this Agreement and undertakes to comply with them or stop using the Site.

• In order to implement this Agreement, gives the Site Owner permission to process personal data in the manner and to the extent necessary to fulfill the terms of this Agreement.

3.5. The Site Owner has the right to:

• Without the consent of the User, assign or in any other way transfer your rights and obligations for the execution of the Agreement to third parties.

• Without prior notice to the User, restrict individual actions of the User if such actions pose a threat to the normal functioning of the Site.

• Without prior notice to the User, carry out maintenance work that may lead to interruptions in the operation of the Site.

• At any time and without prior notice, change and/or delete, in whole or in part, any materials published on the Site.

• Manage statistical information related to the operation of the Site, as well as information about the User to ensure targeted display of advertising information to various audiences of Users.

• If the User or his representative withdraws consent to the processing of personal data, the Site Owner has the right to continue processing personal data without the consent of the subject of personal data (User) if there are grounds specified in paragraphs 2–11 of part 1 of article 6, part 2 of article 10 and part 2 of Article 11 of the Federal Law of July 27, 2006 No. 152-FZ “On Personal Data”.

3.6. The Site Owner is obliged to:

• Ensure, to the best of our ability, the availability of the Site for Users.

• Unless otherwise established by the relevant consent or agreement, do not disclose information about the User to third parties, except in cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.


4.1. The exclusive right to the Site belongs to the Site Owner.

4.2. The Site Owner has the exclusive right to the Content posted on the Site and/or has permission from the copyright holder to use the Content on the Site.

All rights to the Content are reserved by the Owner.

4.3. The Site Owner is also the copyright holder of trademarks, service marks, commercial designations, logos and domain names used on the Site, and/or has the appropriate permission from the copyright holder to use them.

4.4. Users of the Site have the right to view, copy, quote information contained on the Site, if such use of information is carried out exclusively for personal purposes for personal (home) use, and subject to the preservation of all signs of copyright protection, related rights, trademarks and other notices of authorship and with a link to the Site, preserving the author’s name unchanged, preserving intellectual property objects unchanged.

The Content may not be used for other purposes, including, but not limited to: for publication in print and/or electronic media, for posting on any websites or social networks, or otherwise facilitating (or not preventing) access to information by third parties.

By copying any material from the Site, the User agrees that he maintains its integrity, undertakes not to violate (or contribute to the violation of) the rights of the author, and does this solely for personal purposes. All other actions will be considered a violation.

Installing hyperlinks to site pages does not constitute a violation of the rights of the site's copyright holder and does not require approval).

4.5. The provisions of this Agreement cannot and should not be regarded as transferring or granting to Users of the Site any exclusive (license) rights to use the Content.

4.6. Any use for commercial purposes or modification of materials published on the Site is a violation of the rights of the Site Owner to the results of intellectual activity and means of individualization and may lead to the application of liability measures against the offender as provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.


5.1. User data means:

• information that the User provides about himself independently when filling out and sending an application through the forms posted on the site, including the User’s personal data. Required information is marked in the application form in a special way. Other information is provided by the User at his discretion;

• data that is automatically transferred to the services of the Site during its use using the software installed on the User’s device, including technical characteristics of the device, IP addresses, information about the browser and language used, date and time of access to the site, addresses of the requested pages of the site , cookie information and other similar information.

5.2. User data is processed and used by the Site Owner in accordance with the Personal Data Processing Policy for the purposes of:

5.2.1. processing requests and applications from the User for interaction with the User on the provision of legal services;

5.2.2. site operation:

• to maintain statistics and track the total number of site visitors on an anonymous basis;

• to improve the site and provide the User with the opportunity to individually customize the services and functions of the Site;

• to recognize new and old Users;

• for dynamic monitoring of the User’s actions and work in browsers when visiting various sites or using other platforms;

• in order to better understand the interests of site users.


6.1. The information contained on the Site is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to be used as a legal opinion or advice. The Site Owner is not responsible for the use of such information by the User.

6.2. The user uses the Site at his own risk. The Site services are provided “as is”. The Site Owner does not assume any responsibility, including for the compliance of the Site with the User’s goals.

The Site Owner does not guarantee that the Site software is free of errors and/or computer viruses or foreign code fragments. The Site Owner provides the User with the opportunity to use the Site software, without any guarantees from the Site Owner.

6.3. The site owner does not guarantee that:

• The site meets/will meet the User’s requirements;

• The site will be provided continuously, quickly, reliably and without errors;

• Access to the site will be uninterrupted and trouble-free;

• The results that may be obtained from the use of the Site will be accurate and reliable and may be used for any purpose or capacity (for example, to establish and/or confirm any facts);

• The quality of any service, information, etc. obtained using the Site will meet the User’s expectations.

6.4. The Site Owner is not liable under any circumstances for any types of damages that occur as a result of the User's use of the Site.

6.5. The Site Owner is not responsible for non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations under the Agreement, as well as possible losses arising, including, but not limited to, as a result of:

• unlawful actions of Users aimed at violating information security or the normal functioning of the Site;

• failures in the operation of the Site caused by errors in the code, computer viruses and other foreign code fragments in the Site software;

• accidents or failures in software and hardware systems of third parties cooperating with the Site Owner, or actions (inaction) of third parties aimed at suspending or terminating the functioning of the Site;

• absence (impossibility of establishing, terminating, etc.) of Internet connections between the User’s server and the Site’s server;

• carrying out activities by state and municipal bodies, as well as other organizations within the framework of the System of Operational Investigative Activities;

• establishment of state regulation (or regulation by other organizations) of the economic activities of commercial organizations on the Internet and/or establishment by these entities of one-time restrictions that complicate or make impossible the execution of the Agreement;

• other cases related to actions (inaction) of Users and/or other entities aimed at worsening the general situation with the use of the Internet and/or computer equipment that existed at the time of conclusion of the Agreement, as well as any other actions aimed at the Site and third parties persons;

• performing preventive maintenance on the Site.

6.6. Neither Party shall be liable for complete or partial failure to fulfill any of its obligations if the failure is a consequence of force majeure circumstances that arose after the conclusion of the Agreement and are not dependent on the will of the Parties.

6.7. The Content of the Site may be accompanied by advertising at the discretion of the Site Owner without any additional notification to the User and without any compensation. In this case, the User undertakes not to interfere with the display of advertising. The User acknowledges that the Site Owner does not bear any responsibility for the content of such advertising, as well as for the possible consequences for the User resulting from the placement of advertising.

6.8. The Site contains (or may contain) links to other sites on the Internet (third party sites), as well as articles, photographs, illustrations, graphics, music, sounds, videos, information, applications, programs and other Content belonging to or emanating from third parties (Third Party Content), which is the result of intellectual activity and is protected in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. These third parties and their Content are not checked by the Site Owner for compliance with any requirements (reliability, completeness, integrity, etc.). The Site Owner is not responsible for any information posted on third party sites that the User accesses through the Site, including, without limitation, any opinions or statements expressed on third party sites or in their Content.


7.1. In the event of disputes arising between the User and the Site Owner on issues related to the conclusion, amendment, execution or termination of this Agreement, the Parties will take all measures to resolve them through negotiations between themselves. The claim procedure for resolving disputes is mandatory. Claims from Users are accepted and considered by the Site Owner only in writing and in the manner prescribed by this Agreement and the current legislation of the Russian Federation.

7.2. To resolve disputes that arise between the User and the Site Owner, the following claim procedure is applied. A user who believes that any information materials posted on the Site violate his rights and legitimate interests, or that his rights are violated due to the actions of the Site Owner, sends the latter a claim containing a detailed description of the alleged violation of his rights, the essence of the demand , the rationale for its presentation, as well as all User data (name, surname and patronymic of the applicant, contact phone number, postal address and email address for feedback). The claim is sent to the Site Owner in writing:

– within 30 (thirty) calendar days from the date of receipt of the claim, the Site Owner is obliged to consider the claim and, if necessary, to explain to the User its legal position, send its response to the email address or postal address specified in the User’s claim;

– in case of failure to resolve the dispute through the claim procedure, the dispute is subject to consideration in accordance with clause 7.3. Agreements;

– The Site Owner does not consider anonymous claims or claims that do not allow the User to be identified, or claims that do not contain the data specified in this paragraph of this Agreement (including a description of the alleged violation and the essence of the User’s requirements).

7.3. If agreement is not reached between the Parties through negotiations, the dispute arising from this Agreement shall be subject to consideration in the competent court at the location of the Site Owner.


8.1. This Agreement and all relations related to the use of the Site are governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.

8.2. Any questions regarding this Site can be sent to the Site Owner's email address.

8.3. A link to the text of the Agreement is contained on each page of the site, so the copyright holder believes that he informed site visitors about his rights and warned about the negative consequences of violating them.